Barkeria scandens (La Llave & Lex.) Dressler & Halb.
The Scandent Barkeria
Pachyphyllum scandens (1825)
Barkeria cyclotella (1880)
Epidendrum cyclotellum (1880)
Epidendrum lindleyanum var. cyclotellum (1890)
Barkeria lindleyana subsp. cyclotella (1971)
A compact, scandent, lithophytic, mat-forming species as seen in the plants from Michoacan. Plants from Mexico, Guerrero and Oaxaca tend to grow taller and develop as individuals rather than as a mat-forming colony. There is a preference for growing on rocks as a lithophyte but the plants from the Sierra Madre del Sur will grow as twig epiphytes, too. Plants are usually 20-60 cm. in height but there are reports of plants from Guerrero that will grow over 100 cm. Roots: white, thick, terete and usually unbranched. Stems: Developing stems are 10-25 cm. in length and covered with clasping leaves. Older stems are leafless but covered with whitish-gray scarious bracts. Leaves: distichous, ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, green in color but suffused with reddish-purple if grown in high-light conditions. Inflorescence: The flowering stem is a straight, erect, raceme arising from the distal end of the most recently developed pseudobulb, approximately 10-55 cm. in length with 2-20 flowers at the apex. Flowers: an eye-catching magenta in color with the petals and sepals in a fan-like arrangement above the lip. There is normally a darker blotch at the tip of the lip and a white or cream colored area at the base of the column. The pedicel bends abruptly at the union with the base of the flower causing the flowers to be presented with their lip and column pointed straight down.